As a result of the strong wind that blew with a strength of over 30 knots, three loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) were admitted to the Sea Turtle Rescue Centre in Lošinj in March 2022.
The Sea Turtle Rescue Centre in Lošinj were informed that a large sea turtle in the port of Veli Lošinj was seen in the sea. It was an adult female loggerhead turtle with a shell length of 69 cm and a weight of 40 kg. During her rescue, two more young sea turtles were spotted floating. Their hibernation process was interrupted due to severe weather conditions. It was obvious that they were cold stunned and were not able to dive. All three turtles were taken care in the rescue centre. They were named Bura, Veli and Saturn.
Turtles are animals whose temperature depends on the temperature of the environment. In order to survive the winter, sea turtles migrate to warmer areas and in the Adriatic sea they make migration to the south during the winter.They also enter a period of hibernation when their metabolic activity is significantly reduced to save their body’s energy reserves. The turtle organism becomes lethargic and shows almost no response to external stimuli. Therefore, sea turtles spend the winter resting on the seabed in shallower coastal areas. During hibernation, they emerge every 4-7 hours just to breathe. In case of severe winter weather, due to exposure to low temperatures, sea turtles become very weak. This makes them unable to dive in order to return to places where they can protect themselves from the cold.